Radiography is a practice discipline with cognitive, sensory, affective, and psychomotor performance requirements. Based on those requirements, the following performance standards were developed. Each standard has examples of activities that potential students will be required to perform while enrolled in the Radiography program. The performance standards are adopted from St. Petersburg College with permission and the approval of the Diagnostic Imaging Advisory Committee.
Performance Standard: Visual
Visual ability sufficient for observation and assessment necessary in the operation of equipment and care of patients.
- Visualize x-ray collimator centering light and identify its center.
- Observe the patient in order to assess the patient's condition and/or needs from a distance of at least 20 feet.
- See numbers, letters, calibrations, etc., of varying sizes located on equipment utilized by a radiographer.
Performance Standard: Hearing
Auditory abilities sufficient to monitor and assess patient needs and to provide a safe environment.
- Hear a patient talk in a normal tone from a distance of 20 feet.
- Hear monitor alarms, emergency signals, and cries for help.
Performance Standard: Tactile
Tactile ability sufficient for patient assessment and operation of equipment.
- Perform palpation, tactile assessment, and manipulation of body parts to insure proper body placement and alignment.
- Manipulate dials, buttons, and switches of various sizes.
Performance Standard: Mental
Mental ability sufficient for patient assessment and operation of equipment and care of patients.
- Be able to visually concentrate and focus attention, thoughts, and efforts on patients and equipment for varying periods of time.
- Be able to respond to patients' changing physical conditions.
Performance Standard: Environmental Requirements
Physical health sufficient enough to be able to tolerate certain conditions present in the clinical setting.
- Be able to tolerate risks or discomforts in the clinical setting that require special safety precautions, additional safety education, and health-risk monitoring (i.e., ionizing radiation)
- Working with sharps, chemicals, and infectious disease. Students may be required to use protective clothing or gear such as masks, goggles, gloves, and lead aprons.
Performance Standard: Communication
Communication abilities sufficient for interaction with others in verbal and written form.
- Effectively communicate to patients in order to converse, provide instruction, relieve anxiety, gain their cooperation during procedures, and understand patients when they are communicating symptoms of a medical emergency.
- Read medical charts and/or physician's orders.
- Legibly write patient history.
- Document own actions and patient responses as indicated.
Performance Standard: Mobility
Physical abilities sufficient to move from room to room and maneuver in small spaces.
- Assist all patients according to individual needs and abilities in moving, turning, and transferring from transportation devices to x-ray tables.
- Be able to push, pull, and lift 50 pounds.
- Push a stretcher and/or wheelchair without injury to self, patient, or others.
- Push a mobile x-ray machine from one location to another, including turning corners, getting on and off an elevator, and manipulating it in a patient's room over carpeting.
Performance Standard: Motor Skills
Gross and fine motor abilities sufficient to provide safe, effective patient care.
- Manually move the x-ray tube and position the tube at various angles and heights up to seven feet.
- Accurately draw up sterile contrast media and other solutions without contaminating the syringe and/or needles.
- Physically be able to administer the emergency care, including performing CPR.
- Place cassettes (image receptors) in Bucky trays and properly manipulate all locks.
- Be able to stand for periods as long as two hours wearing lead aprons and to walk a distance of five miles during a normal workday.
Performance Standard: Critical Thinking
Critical thinking ability sufficient for safe, clinical judgment.
- Identify cause-effect relationships in clinical situations.
- Evaluate radiographs to ascertain that they contain proper identification and are of diagnostic value.
- Select exposure factors and accessory devices for all radiographic procedures with consideration of patient size, age, and extent of disease.
- Assess patient's condition and needs from a distance of at least 20 feet.
- Initiate proper emergency care protocols, including CPR, based on assessment data.
Performance Standard: Interpersonal Behavioral and Social Skills
Interpersonal abilities sufficient to interact with individuals, families, and groups from a variety of social, emotional, cultural, and intellectual backgrounds.
- Establish rapport with patients, families, and colleagues.
- Allow mature, sensitive, and effective relationships with patients and fellow workers (interpersonal skills).
- Tolerate physically taxing workload.
- Function effectively under stress.
- Adapt to changing environments (flexible schedules, emergency conditions).
- Display compassion, professionalism, empathy, integrity, concern for others, and interest and motivation.